Historical Sites


Besalú is celebrated as one of the most picturesque medieval towns in Spain, nestled at the foot of the Pyrenees in Catalonia. This enchanting town covers a small area of only about 5 km² and is strategically located at the confluence of the Capellades and Fluvia rivers. The name Besalú originates from the Latin “bisuldunum,” meaning “fortress on a mountain between two rivers.”


Founded in 785 AD, Besalú’s significance grew after the Frankish kings took power in Western Europe. It further developed when the Carolingians took control, expelling the Moors and integrating Besalú with the county of Girona, thus establishing it as a critical junction between the two bodies of water. In 878 AD, under the rule of Guifre El Pilos, Besalú gained its autonomy and emerged as an independent jurisdiction.


Through the centuries, including a period of governance under Bernard III until his death in 1111, Besalú eventually came under the management of the Barcelona Common House. It flourished over the years and, by the 20th century, had become a vital center for the trade of agricultural products, handicrafts, and textiles in Catalonia.

Among its many historical sites, the Viejo Bridge, spanning the Fluvia River and built between the 11th and 17th centuries, stands out. This bridge has served as a backdrop for numerous films inspired by medieval times. Besalú also boasts an old Jewish quarter, the church of Sant Vicenc, and the monastery of Sant Pere, each offering a glimpse into the town’s rich historical and cultural tapestry.


Besalú’s combination of breathtaking medieval architecture, rich history, and cultural depth makes it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in the historical landscapes of Catalonia and Spain. To learn more about this beautiful medieval town and plan a visit, you can check out detailed guides and information at Secret World. Additionally, enhance your travel planning and experience by downloading the innovative app from Secret World, which offers comprehensive travel information and unique insights into the world’s most captivating historical sites.

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